An ancient edition of an Iranian plot against the Jewish people
*Faith in God, in contrast to idolatry and cynicism;
*Faith in mankind's capabilities, as God reduces direct involvement (from Genesis and Exodus to Esther Scroll – which does not mention God's name – Ezra and Nehemiah);
*Value/principle-driven realism, in contrast to opportunism and wishful-thinking;
*Attachment to roots (religious, cultural, historical), in contrast to detachment and assimilation;
*Liberty – the core of personal/national existence (just like Sukkot/Tabernacles, Chanukah and Passover);
*Community/national-driven responsibility, in contrast to selfishness (Queen Esther assumed responsibility, while risking her life and convenience);
*The ingathering of Jews to the Land of Israel (opposed by Haman and advanced by Mordechai);
*Optimism, confidence and courage, in contrast to pessimism, despair and fear;
*Tenacious defiance of enormous adversity, in contrast to defeatism, submission and accommodation. Problems = opportunities in disguise.
According to the Scroll of Esther, King Ahasuerus allowed the Jews to defend themselves and hang Haman and his ten sons. The Talmud (Megillah tractate, 16a) claims that Haman had an 11th child, a daughter, who committed suicide following her father's demise.
*Reading/studying the Scroll of Esther within the family, emphasizes the centrality of the family, education, memory and youth as the foundationof a solid future.
*Gifts to relatives, friends and strangers emphasize the importance of family, community and collective responsibility.
*Charity (at least the value of a meal) reflects compassion and communal responsibility. According to Maimonides, "there is no greater or more glorious joy than bringing joy to the poor." Purim is celebrated when Jews study the portion of the Torah, תרומה (charity, donation in Hebrew),which highlights giving and contributing to others as a means of enhancing solidarity and reducing egotism. According to the Torah, contributions benefit the contributor more than the recipient.
*Celebration and Happiness sustain optimism and faith - the backbone of individuals and nations.
More is available in: https://www.smashwords.com/books/view/499393